EVALUATION OF DIETARY BUTYRIC ACID INCLUSION IN DIFFERENT SOURCE OF GRAINS BASED RATIONS ON GROWTH PERFORMANCE AND INTESTINAL HISTOMORPHOLOGY IN BROILER CHICKENS

Bekir Hakan Köksal

Abstract


This study was conducted to determine the effects of butyric acid addition in corn-based or wheat/barley-based diets on growth performance and intestinal morphology of broilers. Two hundred and forty one-day old male broiler (Ross-308) chicks were assigned to 4 treatments in 2 × 2 factorial arrangement of dietary butyric acid (0 and 0.2%) and grains (corn and wheat/barley) with 4 replicate pens in each treatment, each having 15 birds. Feed and water was provided ad libitum throughout the experiment. Results indicated that dietary butyric acid supplementation in wheat/barley based diets had improving effects on body weight, body weight gain and feed intake at day 42 of experiment (p<0.05). Moreover, the addition of butyric acid in different source of grain based diets also improved the feed efficiency of birds at days 1-21 of the trial (p<0.001). Similarly, crypt depth of jejunum was significantly affected dietary butyric acid inclusion in birds at 21 day of age whereas villus height was higher in birds fed wheat/barley based diets (p<0.05 and p<0.01, respectively). In conclusion, butyric acid supplementation to wheat/ barley based diets seems to be useful practice for broiler chickens.

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